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Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a common circulatory condition in which the arteries that supply blood to the extremities, typically the legs, become narrowed or blocked. This restriction of blood flow can lead to various health issues and symptoms.
Causes: PAD is primarily caused by atherosclerosis, a condition where fatty deposits called plaques build up inside the arterial walls. These plaques gradually narrow the arteries, restricting blood flow. Several risk factors contribute to the development of PAD, including:
Symptoms: In the early stages, PAD might not cause noticeable symptoms, or the symptoms may be subtle. However, as the disease progresses, the following symptoms may occur:
A healthcare provider can diagnose PAD through various methods, including:
The treatment of PAD aims to manage symptoms, improve blood flow, and prevent complications. Treatments may include:
Early detection and management of PAD are essential to prevent further complications, such as critical limb ischemia or amputation. If you suspect you have PAD or experience any related symptoms, consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.