This procedure is performed to block the abnormally engorged blood vessels in the inner lining of the stomach (varices) which are at high risk of heavy bleeding (life threatening. These engorged vessels appear due to chronic scarring/ disease of the liver.
During the procedure, local anaesthesia (pain killer) is injected into the skin at the access site to prevent discomfort. An injection of a mild sedative can also be given to ensure that you are comfortable and relaxed during the procedure.
Through a pinhole access in the neck or groin vein, a catheter (fine tube) is advanced into the vein that is close to the engorged veins in the wall of the stomach. Contrast injection is performed to confirm that the catheter in the right place. Then, the abnormally engorged veins are blocked with a combination of a special plug and gelfoam or glue.