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Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are non-cancerous growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus (womb). They are one of the most common conditions affecting women’s reproductive health, particularly during their childbearing years.


The exact cause of uterine fibroids is not entirely understood, but several factors may contribute to their development:

  1. Hormones: Estrogen and progesterone, the female reproductive hormones, appear to play a role in the growth of fibroids. They tend to grow larger during periods of hormonal fluctuations, such as during pregnancy or while taking hormonal medications.
  2. Genetic factors: Family history and genetics may increase the likelihood of developing fibroids.
  3. Growth factors: Certain substances that help the body maintain tissues may also encourage fibroid growth.

Symptoms: The symptoms of uterine fibroids can vary depending on the size, number, and location of the fibroids. Some women may experience mild or no symptoms, while others may have more severe issues. Common symptoms include:

  1. Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia).
  2. Pelvic pain or pressure.
  3. Abdominal bloating or enlargement.
  4. Frequent urination or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  5. Constipation or rectal pressure if fibroids press on the bowel.
  6. Painful intercourse (dyspareunia).
  7. Backache or leg pain.


Treatment for a thyroid goiter depends on its size, underlying cause, and associated symptoms. Common treatment options include:

  1. Observation: Small goiters that are not causing significant problems may be monitored without immediate intervention.
  1. Medications: In cases where the goiter is associated with an overactive or underactive thyroid, medication may be prescribed to regulate hormone levels.
  1. Radioactive iodine: In cases of overactive thyroid (Graves’ disease), radioactive iodine may be used to reduce hormone production and shrink the goiter.
  1. Surgery: For large goiters causing significant symptoms or suspected thyroid cancer, surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) may be necessary.

It’s crucial to seek medical evaluation if you notice any enlargement in your neck or experience symptoms related to thyroid dysfunction. A healthcare professional can properly diagnose the cause of the goiter and recommend appropriate treatment options based on the specific situation.

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